After their meeting, the two countries’ leaders committed to apply Algiers Agreement signed in 2000.
After meeting for the first time in 20 years, Eritrean President Issaias Afeworki and Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed signed on Monday "a joint statement of peace and friendship," said Eritrean Information Minister Yemane G. Meskel.
The statement says that the "state of war that existed between the two countries has come to an end. A new era of peace and friendship has been ushered. "
Both countries will work to promote close cooperation in political, economic, social, cultural and security areas.
This just confirmed the announcements made Sunday about the resumption of trade, transports and telecommunications between the two countries, the restoration of the diplomatic ties and the application of Algiers Agreement, in compliance with borders.
Joint Declaration: ... iii) Transport, trade and telecommunication ties will be resumed; diplomatic ties & activities renewed; iv) Border decision will be implemented; v) Both countries will work together to guarantee regional peace, development & cooperation pic.twitter.com/gPIIPvksTK— Yemane G. Meskel (@hawelti) 9 juillet 2018
"In the aftermath of talks, we have accepted to reopen our borders," said Ethiopia’s Premier Abiy Ahmed, quoted by both countries’ public TV channels.
-Algiers Agreement, last resort to end war-
Since Abiy, 42, came to power in April, he has opened the door to unfreezing the relations. The new leader in Addis Ababa has begun a train of reforms. In early June, he announced his intention to implement the Algiers peace agreement signed in 2000 with Eritrea and the conclusions of the International Commission on the Demarcation of the Border.
From 1998 to 2000, 80000 people were killed, in armed dispute over borders. Since then, Asmara and Addis-Ababa severed their diplomatic ties.
The common border remained strongly militarized and its line still disputed around the city of Badme. In 2002, the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague awarded Badme to Eritrea, but Addis Ababa ignored this judgment and the city remained under Ethiopian administration.
Abiy Ahmed, who took office in April, said in June, to everyone's surprise, that he was ready to abide by this international ruling.
A large Eritrean delegation was hosted last June in Ethiopia, for the first time since 1998.
Well received by the Ethiopian authorities, this initiative encouraged Abiy to visit Asmara.
In response to Abiy's outstretched hand, President Issaias ruled in favor of Abiy's decision to turn the page of the conflict and apply the Algiers peace agreement, which has been welcomed by the international community.