The socio-economic situation in Algeria:
Official languages: Arabic, Tamazight.
Commonly used languages:French, English.
Currency: Algerian dinar (DZD).
Area: 2 381 741 km².
Main cities: Oran, Sétif, Constantine, Annaba, Ghardaia, Tlemcen, Ouargla, Béjaïa, Mostaganem, Tizi Ouzou, Biskra.
Main maritime ports: 09 many services ports: Algiers, Béjaïa, Annaba, Oran, Djen Djen (Jijel), Mostaghanem and Ghazaouat and 2 ports specialised in hydrocarbons export (Arzew and Skikda).
Main airports: 31 airports open to civil aviation 14 of which are intended to international traffic: Algiers, Oran, Annaba, Béjaia, Constantine, Ouargla, Sétif, Biskra, Adrar...
Roads: 107 000km.
Railway network: 4 500 km.
Economic key figures :
Gross domestic product (GDP): 220 billion dollars (2015).
Share of hydrocarbons in the GDP: 40-45%;
Share of hydrocarbons in the budget revenue: 36%.
GDP per capita: 5,445 dollars (2015).
Budget deficit: 12 % of GDP (Budget for 2016).
2.8% for 2015 (4.4% excluding hydrocarbons);
3.9 % estimated for 2016 (4.25% excluding hydrocarbons).
Exchange reserves:121 billion dollars (2016).
External debt: 5.3 billion dollars (end 2015).
Inflation: 4.78% (end 2015).
Unemployment: 11.2% (September 2015).
Foreign trade of Algeria in 2015:
Total volume: 89.28 billion dollars.
Exports: 37.78 billion dollars.
Imports: 51.50 billion dollars.
Trade deficit: 13.72 billion dollars.
Main exports: Oil, gas, derivatives of hydrocarbons and foodstuffs, non-alimentary goods, industrial capital goods.
Main imports: Machines, engines, pumps, electronic equipment, vehicles, iron or steel products, capital goods, foodstuffs and consumer goods.
Main clients: Spain, Italy, France, United Kingdom, Netherlands.
Main suppliers: China, France, Italy, Spain, Germany, United Kingdom.
Human development indicators :
Population: 40.4 million inhabitants (January 2016).
Population distribution by age:
Less than 19 years : 39%;
Between 19 and 64 years: 56%;
More than 65 years: 5%.
75.8 years for men;
76.8 years for women.
Guaranteed minimum wage: 18,000 dinars as of January 2011.
School enrolment rate:
Children aged 6 years: 98% (2015);
Children aged 6 to 15 years: 96.88%.
Number of pupils and students:
(2014-2015 school year): 8.55 million in primary and secondary school;
1,277,945 in higher education.
Illiteracy rate: 14 % (2015).
Drinking water supplies: 96.7% (end 2015) of households are connected to a drinking water supply system.
Sewerage systems: 90% (end 2015) of households are connected to a sewerage system.
Gas distribution network: 48.3% of households are connected to the natural gas distribution network (2015).
Electricity: 98.3% of households are connected to the electricity network (2015).
Density of mobile telephones: 119% (end 2015), i.e. 46.3 million subscriptions.
Internet penetration rate: 26.8% (end 2015), i.e. 10.2 million subscriptions.