The socio-economic situation in Algeria:

  1. General data:

  • Official languages: Arabic, Tamazight.

  • Commonly used languages:French, English.

  • Currency: Algerian dinar (DZD).

  • Area: 2 381 741 km².

  • Littoral: 1600Km.

  • Main cities: Oran, Sétif, Constantine, Annaba, Ghardaia, Tlemcen, Ouargla, Béjaïa, Mostaganem, Tizi Ouzou, Biskra.

  • Main maritime ports: 09 many services ports: Algiers, Béjaïa, Annaba, Oran, Djen Djen (Jijel), Mostaghanem and Ghazaouat and 2 ports specialised in hydrocarbons export (Arzew and Skikda).

  • Main airports: 31 airports open to civil aviation 14 of which are intended to international traffic: Algiers, Oran, Annaba, Béjaia, Constantine, Ouargla, Sétif, Biskra, Adrar...

  • Roads: 107 000km.

  • Railway network: 4 500 km.

 

  1. Economic key figures :

  • Gross domestic product (GDP): 220 billion dollars (2015).

  • Share of hydrocarbons in the GDP: 40-45%;

  • Share of hydrocarbons in the budget revenue: 36%.

  • GDP per capita: 5,445 dollars (2015).

  • Budget deficit: 12 % of GDP (Budget for 2016).

  • Growth rate

  • 2.8% for 2015 (4.4% excluding hydrocarbons); 

  • 3.9 % estimated for 2016 (4.25% excluding hydrocarbons).

  • Exchange reserves:121 billion dollars (2016).

  • External debt: 5.3 billion dollars (end 2015).

  • Inflation: 4.78% (end 2015).

  • Unemployment: 11.2% (September 2015).

 

 

  1. Foreign trade of Algeria in 2015:

  • Total volume: 89.28 billion dollars.

  • Exports: 37.78 billion dollars.

  • Imports: 51.50 billion dollars.

  • Trade deficit: 13.72 billion dollars.

  • Main exports: Oil, gas, derivatives of hydrocarbons and foodstuffs, non-alimentary goods, industrial capital goods.

  • Main imports: Machines, engines, pumps, electronic equipment, vehicles, iron or steel products, capital goods, foodstuffs and consumer goods.

  • Main clients: Spain, Italy, France, United Kingdom, Netherlands.

  • Main suppliers: China, France, Italy, Spain, Germany, United Kingdom.

 

  1. Human development indicators :

  • Population: 40.4 million inhabitants (January 2016).

  • Population distribution by age:

    Less than 19 years : 39%;

    Between 19 and 64 years: 56%;

    More than 65 years: 5%.

  • Life expectancy:

    75.8 years for men;

    76.8 years for women.

  • Guaranteed minimum wage: 18,000 dinars as of January 2011.    

  • School enrolment rate

  • Children aged 6 years: 98% (2015);

  • Children aged 6 to 15 years: 96.88%.

  • Number of pupils and students

    (2014-2015 school year): 8.55 million in primary and secondary school;

    1,277,945 in higher education. 

  • Illiteracy rate: 14 % (2015).

  • Drinking water supplies: 96.7% (end 2015) of households are connected to a drinking water supply system.

  • Sewerage systems: 90% (end 2015) of households are connected to a sewerage system.

  • Gas distribution network: 48.3% of households are connected to the natural gas distribution network (2015).

  • Electricity: 98.3% of households are connected to the electricity network (2015).

  • Density of mobile telephones: 119% (end 2015), i.e. 46.3 million subscriptions.

  • Internet penetration rate: 26.8% (end 2015), i.e. 10.2 million subscriptions.

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